Peperomia is a semi-succulent houseplant, usually found in tropical regions. However, over time they have become popular as indoor houseplants due to their minimal needs of maintenance. Usually, these plants are very tolerant; however, sometimes you may find the leaves of your peperomia curling. So, why are the leaves of your peperomia curling?
Why is my peperomia leaves curling?
The primary reason for the curled-up leaves of your peperomia is dehydration. However, it may also occur due to various other reasons. The curling of the leaves may be a sign that your plant is undergoing severe stress. If corrective steps are not taken immediately, your peperomia plant may suffer from irreversible damage. So, some of the reasons for the curling of your peperomia plant are –
- Low Humidity
- Heat Stress
Owing to its tropical origins, peperomia requires an abundant amount of water to flourish. However, if it is underwatered or left without water for too long, the leaves of your peperomia will likely start to curl. It happens to reduce the surface area so that the plant loses less water through transpiration. A prolonged lack of water in the plant may cause it to turn dry and crispy. Thus, it is very important to water your plant correctly.
Soak your dehydrated peperomia pot in a container of water for about 30 minutes or until the soil starts to moisten and loosen up. Once hydrated, drain the excess water and let it rest. Water it regularly over the next few days to ensure that the plant returns to its original health. However, always ensure that the excess water is drained as stagnant water may lead to the drowning of the roots and be fatal to your peperomia.
Peperomia is generally tolerant to low humidity, but they generally grow best in humid air with at least 50% humidity. However, if the humidity drops below 40%, the peperomia is likely to lose humidity much faster through transpiration. It forces the leaves to curl to reduce the surface area through transpiration and helps conserve water.
The best solution is to place it in a room along with bowls of water which may help regulate the humidity of the air. However, humidifiers can also be used to ensure a more controlled rise in humidity and ensure that the plant flourishes into its original state.
Peperomia usually prefers to grow at room temperature between 15⁰C – 27⁰C and away from direct exposure to sunlight. However, if the temperature rises to above 32⁰C, the soil moisture reduces rapidly. Thus, the leaves will curl to protect the plant from further moisture loss.
Avoid placing your peperomia outdoors when the temperature is likely to soar. Water abundantly makes up for the moisture loss due to evaporation. Place in a cool spot where it has access to indirect sunlight.
Thus, these are some of the reasons for the curling leaves of your peperomia and the steps to correct the same.